On Wednesday, June 19, students will participate in a "Model NATO" tabletop simulation exercise involving an original scenario developed by GWU staff and NATO's Allied Command Transformation that will aim to test how being “above” vs. “below” the Wales thresholds affects (1) the political atmospherics of the North Atlantic Council and (2) NATO’s collective defense and crisis response capabilities. This simulation will proceed as follows: In April 2019, GWU and ACT staff will allocate to each of our participants the role of a NAC ambassador, in addition to a “Secretary-General”, so they can prepare for their roles ahead of time. The participant playing the Secretary-General will be expected to meet with ACT staff the day before the event in order to clarify her/his responsibilities. On April 19, GWU and ACT simulation managers will submit a phased scenario to our participants, with A/V support. Under the guidance of the student playing the “Secretary-General”, participants will be asked to negotiate the NAC’s response. The exercise will comprise two phases, replicating conditions below vs. above the Wales thresholds.